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   Table of Contents - Current issue
April-June 2017
Volume 3 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 83-156

Online since Wednesday, July 26, 2017

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The effect of emotional intelligence on academic performance of medical undergraduates p. 83
Farah Ahmed, Areeba Mehak, Sidra Ali, Anum Khan, Sania Shehzad, Qamaruddin Baloch, Iqra Abid
Aim: To determine the association between Emotional Intelligence and academic performances of medical students at undergraduate level. Background: In our field of medical education, intelligence quotient is considered as a successful interpreter of academic performance and intelligence. However, little importance has been given to EI. Our study examined the relationship between EI and academic performance or workforce of preclinical medical students (1st and 2nd year MBBS students of Jinnah Sindh Medical University). Methods: We used a prospective, cross sectional study design and measured the EI by questionnaire based on a study by Petrides and Furnham, 2006. The grade point average (GPA) of their last semester was used to analyze the academic performance. Nonprobability consecutive technique was done. Our sample size comprises of 120 students out of which 14 were males and 106 were females of 1st and 2nd year of MBBS. The structured paper-based questionnaire also included pretest demographic information which was filled by the students, after taking a verbal consent. The data were collected in the month of July 1, 2015–July 30, 2015. Results: The number of participants was 120. The response rate was 100%. The result revealed that out of 4 factors, 2 were the most significant: well-being (P = 0.005) and sociability (P = 0.01). The value of EI was significantly higher in the male than in the female students. Conclusion: Our study proved a strong relationship between academic performance in terms of higher GPA and two individual factors of EI that were well-being and sociability. Overall EI values of male students were statistically higher and significant than female students. Thus, appropriate measures should be taken to strengthen emotional well-being in medical students for better academic performances.
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A comparative study of psychosocial factors of obesity p. 87
Urbi Mukherjee, Bidita Bhattacharya, Shikha Mukhopadhyay, Shuvabrata Poddar
Aims: The present study aims to find out how obese adults differ from nonobese adults with respect to self-concept, various domains of family environment, and general well-being. Subjects and Methods: A sample of sixty individuals within age group 21–50 years, selected using purposive sampling from obesity and lifestyle clinic of a hospital, was divided into obese and nonobese groups on the basis of body mass index (BMI) (≥25 kg/m2), with thirty individuals in each group. The sample was assessed on the basis of Self-concept Inventory (Shah, 1986), Family Environment Scale (Bhatia and Chadha, 1993), and General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28; Goldberg and Miller, 1979). Statistical Analyses: Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, Chi-square test, and correlational analysis. Results: Results showed statistically significant differences between the obese and nonobese individuals with respect to various domains of self-concept, family environment, and general well-being. Significant gender differences were found among the obese group with respect to different variables. Significant correlations between BMI and the different variables were also found. Conclusions: The findings imply several significant psychological and social issues associated with obesity in comparison to nonobese individuals. This underscores the need for nonmedical interventions (along with medical ones) for risk minimization and prevention.
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Impact of sport activity on adolescents' reducing violence p. 96
Benzidane Houcine, Zerf Mohamed, Mokrani Djamel, Bensikadour Habib
Aim: The aim of this research was discovering the role that sports activities play in reducing the adolescents' violence and aggressive behavior. Methods: The researcher used the experimental method with two groups; each on is made of thirty players (30 players of experimental sample, 30 players of control sample) Belonging in psychological counseling Municipal Association Mostaganem. Tested based on Scale designed by Eman Gamal El-Din 2008.[1] Its validity in the present study was calculated by Cronbach Alpha, which recorded a significant value of 0.80 more desirable in psychometric tests. Results: Based on the independent t-test, the results obtained show the fact that the players show an immense desire in practicing sport which in its turn inculcates in them values such patience and strong will. Furthermore, they manage to have control over themselves when they are angry for instance. Conclusions: No room is left to deny the positive impact on diminishing the vehement or violent attitudes of teenagers.
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The comparative consideration of the amount of applying learning strategies between successful and unsuccessful students p. 100
Mahboubeh Soleimanpour Omran
Aim: The purpose of this research is to compare the amount of applying learning strategies between successful and unsuccessful students of Islamic Azad University of Isfarayen. Methods: This research is collative-causative, and the statistics society of research concludes all the 500 successful and unsuccessful students of Islamic Azad University of Esfarayen in 2014. The whole statistics society of research was used to reach better and more exact results as a sample. Learning strategies and its basic concepts were measured by a standard questionnaire of learning strategies (Learning and Study Strategies Inventory), framed by Weinstein and Palmer (2002) was used for variable data collection of learning strategies and their main components The questionnaire had the range of 80–90% with the help of Cronbach alpha coefficient method, in dictating the validity and durability of mentioned questionnaire. The validity of this questionnaire has been previously approved and implemented the obtained data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics method (table, abundance, diagram) and inferential statistics (test, the analysis of variance, regression analysis). Results: The findings indicate that there is a meaningful difference between successful and unsuccessful students in case of using learning strategies and its basic components. Conclusions: There is no meaningful difference between the students of different fields in using the basic components of learning strategies. Furthermore, it was determined on the basis of the research that learning strategies cannot predict educational progression.
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A study of the relationship between cultural intelligence and efficiency among the primary school managers in Isfahan p. 106
Nafiseh Saneiee, Mohammad Taghi Mahmoody, Hojat Allah Moradi Pordanjani
Introduction: The main purpose of the current investigation is to survey the relationship between cultural intelligence and efficiency of the primary school managers in Isfahan. This study is an applied research that was implemented through correlation method. Materials and Methods: The statistical community of this research is consisted of 176 primary school managers in region 3 and 5 of Isfahan among whom 121 people are chosen by multilevel clustering method as the sample group. The measurement tools of this study include standard questionnaire of cultural intelligence by Early and Ang (2003) and inventory achievement efficiency model by Hersey and Goldsmith (1980). The Validity of the content was confirmed by some professors at the department of educational science. Results: Using Cronbach α. reliability was estimated at%7 for cultural intelligence and%74 for efficiency. For data analysis of the research, multivariable regression t and correlation tests have been used and generally revealed a meaningful relationship between the managers' cultural intelligence and efficiency. Among the components of cultural intelligence, there is a perfect relationship between the cognitive, motivational and behavioral elements and the managers' efficiency. Conclusions: There is no linkage between the strategy of cultural intelligence and efficiency. Also, based on demographic properties involving age, gender and education, there isn't a meaningful difference among the managers' efficiency. Given that a considerable part of skills and cultural intelligence capacities are acquired, the Isfahan education office center should consider a specific plan to promote cultural intelligence, and try to improve this through formal and informal trainings.
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Prediction of employee's general health by occupational and organizational factors in Social Security Organization in city of Isfahan Highly accessed article p. 115
Narges Sadat Mortazavi, Farzaneh Dabbashi, Aboulghasem Nouri
Aim: The aim of this study was a prediction of employee's general health by occupational and organizational factors in Social Security Organization in the city of Isfahan. Methods: The design of research was correlational, and statistical population consisted a total of employees of five major branches of Social Security Organization in the city of Isfahan in the year 2014. The sample was selected by applying stratified random sampling and consisted 210 people. Used tools of the research were general health questionnaire (Goldberg, 1972), burnout questionnaire (Maslach and Jackson, 1981), perceived organizational support questionnaire (Rhoades and Eisenberger, 2002), and job stress questionnaire (Parker and Decotiis, 1983). The data analyzed by Pearson coefficient and stepwise regression analysis. Results: The results showed general health had negative significance relationships with job stress and burnout (P < 0.01) and positive significance relationship with perceived organizational support (P < 0.01). In addition, the results of regression analysis were shown that respectively job stress, burnout and perceived organizational support can predict 85% of employees general health (P < 0.01). Discussion: Taking the importance of general health of the employees and the results of the study regarding negative relationship with stress and burnout and its positive relationship with perceived organizational support, the organizations authorities can arrange plans to decrease stress and burnout; further, the organizations can pave the way for more health among their employees through supporting them.
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Impact of cultural factors on the elderly utilization from healthcare services provided by Isfahan University of Medical Sciences' Hospitals - 2014 Highly accessed article p. 121
Mahmoud Keyvanara, Saeid Karimi, Mahan Mohamadi, Soosan Bahrami
Aim: As we know, due to the undesirable structural and functional changes arise from aging, old people need more healthcare services than other groups in society. Many factors affect utilization of health services in this age group. Cultural factors can be named as the most important since they play a basic role in determining people's lifestyle and ultimately in the health protection behaviors. Therefore, this paper is aimed at investigation of cultural factors, affecting old people benefit of health services in Isfahan province in 2014. Methods: This study was descriptive analytic, conducted in later 2014. The research population consisted of people aged over 60 years who had been admitted in 12 hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Two hundred seventy-five people were selected and entered into the research using random sampling method. Data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire in three scopes, and finally the data analyzed at two levels of descriptive level (including frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation (SD) and inferential level (including statistical tests comparing independent group means, correlation coefficient test, and multivariable regression) in SPSS 22 software. Result: The results showed that the level of utilization for people who had routine exercises and jugging was 0.3 units of SD upper than others. Meanwhile, by increasing exercise frequency, level of religious beliefs and opinions and the having a proper and healthy diet, the utilization of healthcare services decreases by −0.198, −0.150 and −0.196, respectively. In fact, 5.5% of changes in health services utilization variable are explained by the research independent variables. Conclusion: The study showed that doctors' recommendations on physical activities, reasonable increase in exercise frequency, access to rich and healthy food, and religious beliefs can affect old people's utilization of health services; but they cannot explain all variances of it. Therefore, according to complexity of health related issues, other involved variables should be identified and investigated.
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Effect of play therapy on reduction of social anxiety and increasing social skills in preschool children in Omidiyeh p. 128
Fatemeh Mollamohammadi, Fariba Yazdkhasti
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate play therapy on social skills and social anxiety in preschool children. Methodology: The methodology of this study was experimental with a pretest-posttest in case and control groups. The statistical population consists of all preschool children. The subjects included 15 persons in the control group and 15 persons in the case group. Multistage cluster sampling method is a kind of method in which samples are randomly selected and assigned to two groups. First of all, the samples respond to children anxiety inventory made by Spence et al. (2001) and checklist of social skills by Yazdkhasti and then the intervention of play therapy was performed in the case group during ten sessions and every session lasted 45 min. Finally, two groups were tested and covariance analysis was used to analyze the data. The statistical analysis shows that there is significant difference in posttest. Result: The results indicated that play therapy could be effective in reduction of anxiety and improvement of three subscales of social skills including, group following, participation in group and non verbal skills. However, play therapy did not change the feeling perception and partner search. Conclusion: The findings imply that play therapy can be helpful in solving the problems related to social anxiety and social skill disorders and hence improve the engaged subjects' social skills and reduce their social anxiety.
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Compare the quality of life in adults with preferences of morning-evening in Isfahan p. 133
Azin Pahlevan, Zohre Ranjbar Kohan
Aim: People can be divided into three types: Morningness, eveningness, and intermediate. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of life in people with preferences morning-evening in adults living in Isfahan. Methods: A causal-comparative design was used for this study. The population of this study was men and women who are living in the Isfahan in 2014. 100 subjects were taken as the sample size (n = 50 morning brigade, 50 evening brigade) and were tested by Weir and Sherborne quality of life scale (1992). Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference in both scales of quality of life (mental health, physical health) between those types of morning and evening. Conclusion: It seems logical and analytical performance-oriented properties, and their morning-oriented thinking can be used as one of the causes of the differences in quality of life between the two groups considered.
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The cultural factors influencing the participation of university faculty members in the production of science p. 138
Hasan Omidi, Faezeh Taghipour
Background: One of the indicators for the development of any country is its scientific and technical production both on national and international levels. The universities play a pivotal role in the scientific productions of any country. Furthermore, the cultural factors have an immense influence on the production of science. In fact, scientific production and development cannot be achieved without accounting for the cultural and social issues. Aim: The aim of the present study is to determine the cultural factors affecting the participation of faculty members at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences during 2015 in the production of science. Methods: The research method of the study is descriptive-survey. The data collection tool was researcher-constructed questionnaire. After confirming the validity and reliability, the sample was considered to be 260 faculty members at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Results: The results showed that behavioral patterns, attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms are respectively among the most important cultural factors affecting the participation of faculty members at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in the production of science. Conclusion: Accordingly, the following suggestions were made with regard to the role of cultural factors in the participation of university faculty members in the production of science: continuously selecting top researchers, allocating appropriate rewards for the production of science, improving the research skills of the faculty members, effective cooperation to improve scientific productions, trying to increase the most relevant scientific productions, interest and determining short- and long-term goals for the universities.
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An investigation of the effect of the components of the learning organization on knowledge application at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences p. 144
Azadeh Alavi, Ali Safdarian, Ashraf Alavi, Mahvash Mashhadizadeh
Introduction: The need to create learning organizations results from the fact that with the increasing complexity and speed of developments, the uncertainty increased in organization environments. Learning is the most important way to improve long-term performance. The main objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of learning organization initiatives on application of knowledge in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Methodology: This study is descriptive and survey to collect information on the literature the library method and to analyze and test the hypotheses; a questionnaire was used, the validity and reliability (89% of the learning organization and 86% knowledge) of which is verified by a number of teachers and experts in the field. The study population consisted of 623 university faculty members, using a simple random sampling, 155 questionnaires were distributed among them. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software, using the mean, standard deviation, one sample t-test, correlation, and multiple regression. Results: There is a relationship between the components of the learning and application of knowledge in university under study. Among the components of a learning organization, the best predictor of knowledge application, according to the results of multiple regression, is a teamwork with an average of 2.65 and a standard deviation of 0.754 and led with an average of 2.61 and standard deviation of 0.519. Based on the coefficient of determination, teamwork alone explained 20% of the variance of application of knowledge and with the introduction of the leadership variable rate of variance explained increased to 25%. Conclusions: The results support the idea that all the components of a learning organization have a positive impact on the university's application of knowledge, and a significant relationship also exists between them. Further, greater emphasis should be placed on the strengths of the relationship, such as great support of faculty members of missions and goals of university, as the average response from all relations is more than any relationship and also have a huge impact on the application of knowledge. The results showed that the lowest correlation belongs to the shared vision of senior management, faculty, and staff to do what needs to be done.
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The effectiveness of “the philosophy for children program” on the spiritual intelligence of the students p. 150
Rahim Badri, Zahra Vahedi
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of “teaching philosophy for children program” on the spiritual intelligence of the female students. Materials and Methods: The methodology of this study is a semi-experimental study with a pretest, posttest, control, and experiment groups. Subjects were 50 guided school students from Mehrban city (East Azerbaijan in Iran), of which 25 students formed the experimental group to receive philosophy for children program and 25 students who received the traditional program. Subjects were selected by available sampling method. The measure was the spiritual intelligence questionnaire (King, 2008) Cronbach's alpha coefficient has been used to obtain reliability, which equals 0.89. Result: ANCOVA was used to analyze the data. The results revealed that training philosophy for children program enhanced the spiritual intelligence on experimental group. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the philosophy for children program can be used as a method of raising spiritual thinking.
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