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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
July-September 2017
Volume 3 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 157-211

Online since Wednesday, November 29, 2017

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  

Prediction couple's marital satisfaction based on emotion regulation Highly accessed article p. 157
Abdollah Omidi, Ensieh Talighi
DOI:10.4103/2395-2296.204120  
AIM: This study aimed to predict the share of emotional adjustment and its components in marital satisfaction. METHODS: In this study, were randomly selected 100 couples (200 persons) of the couples Kashan and answered to emotion regulation questionnaire of Graz and Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire. Given that the study was descriptive to test the hypotheses were used the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. RESULTS: The results showed that emotion regulation factors other than a lack of emotional awareness have a significant negative relationship with marital satisfaction (P > 0.01) and impulse control problems, lack of emotional awareness, and lack of emotional clarity nice to be able to predict marital satisfaction (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regarding the relationship of emotional regulation and its components with marital satisfaction, organizations, and family therapy clinics can take advantage of this variable in improving marital satisfaction and contribute to better human relations.
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Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment-based therapy on the physical and psychological marital intimacy of women p. 163
Akbar Heidari, Hasan Heidari, Hossein Davoudi
DOI:10.4103/jepr.jepr_62_16  
One of the factors influencing the decline in marital happiness is marital boredom. Today, one of the newest therapies to increase intimacy and decrease boredom among couples is acceptance and commitment-based therapy (ACT). In this therapy, instead of cognitive changes, it is tried to increase the person's psychological relation to their thoughts and feelings through mental flexibility. AIM: The main objective of the present study is determining the effectiveness of acceptance and dedication based training on the physical and psychological marital intimacy of women came into the counseling center of military headquarter in Isfahan province. METHOD: This research was a quasi-experimental study with two groups (experimental and control) and it included pre- and post-test stages. The population of the present research comprised women came into the counseling center of military headquarter in Isfahan province in 2015 and the research sample included thirty married women who were selected as the available sample. In this study, the questionnaire of marital intimacy was used to investigate the variables. Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the reliability of the test that was equal to 98.58. RESULTS: The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the mean table. Analysis of the results and standard deviation through covariance analysis using SPSS showed that there was a significant difference between the pre- and post-test scores of the experimental group in comparison with those of the control group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated the effectiveness of ACT on increasing physical and psychological marital intimacy of the subjects. Therefore, the use of acceptance and commitment-based training and therapy along with other mental health trainings are recommended.
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Effectiveness of smart training on creativity and achievement motivation in science course of sixth-grade students of primary schools p. 168
Ali Mohammad Naemi, Amin Naemi
DOI:10.4103/jepr.jepr_66_16  
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of smart training on creativity and achievement motivation of primary schools of Sabzevar (Iran). METHODS: This research was a semi-experimental study using pre- and posttest with control group. Population included all male students in the sixth grade of primary schools in 2014. The sampling method in this study was random clustering and the sample size was equal to 58. The required data were collected using Abedi's Creativity Scale and Hermans Achievement Motivation Scale. The experimental group was trained by smart teaching and control group by traditional methods. The research was carried out for one semester. SPSS software, descriptive statistics, and covariance analysis were used to analyze data. RESULTS: The results showed that there are significant differences between the scores of two groups. CONCLUSION: According to the results, it can be said that the smart training increases the creativity and achievement motivation more than the traditional methods.
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Effectiveness of the Edmark training program on dyslexic students' phonological awareness p. 173
Pari Karami, Salar Faramarzi
DOI:10.4103/2395-2296.219421  
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the Edmark Training Program on phonological awareness skill in the dyslexic students studying in the third-grade primary school. METHODS: The research design is experimental and with pretest-posttest and control groups. Accordingly, using the stratified random sampling method, from among dyslexic students of the third-grade primary schools in Mobarakeh Township in 2014–2015, 30 students were selected regarding assigned inclusion criteria and then they randomly divided into two groups: Experimental and control. To collect data, the dyslexic test developed by Kormi Nouri and Moradi was used. The validity and reliability of the test were confirmed. The collected data were analyzed using ANCOVA and employing SPSS version 21. RESULTS: The results of the research indicated that there is significant difference between the performance of the control and experimental groups in the posttest stage (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Therefore, it can be concluded that the Edmark Reading Program is positively effective on dyslexic students' phonological awareness and this program causes the improvement in their phonological awareness skill.
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Effect of 1-month yoga practice on positive-negative affect and attitude toward violence in schoolchildren: A randomized control study Highly accessed article p. 180
Dipti Kale, Sony Kumari
DOI:10.4103/jepr.jepr_69_16  
BACKGROUND: The children of today are the future of tomorrow; but unfortunately, they are pressurized because of coping with many stressful times. Either way they are influenced to experience negative emotions. Yoga is well known to take one's life to positivity. Introducing yoga which is noncompetitive will prevent children from negative emotions. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of 1-month yoga practice on positive-negative affect (PA-NA) and attitude toward violence (ATV) in schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty boys were selected from St. Tukaram Prathamik Vidyalaya, Pune Corporation school no. 55 and were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups of thirty students each. Participants' age ranged from 12 to 15 years. ATV and PA-NA were assessed using variables ATV and PA-NA schedule (PANAS)-children tests, respectively, before starting yoga intervention. The experimental group underwent yoga practice every day for an hour for 1 month. After 1 month, parameters were repeated. RESULTS: The yoga group showed significant changes in the mean value. PANAS-PA has increased 10%, PANAS NA and ATV have reduced significantly 34% and 25%, respectively, whereas the control group did not show any significant change in any of their scores. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that yoga practice is effective on schoolchildren to increase PA and to reduce NA and ATV as well as yoga is feasible and safe. Hence, inclusion of yoga in school education has the potential to help children.
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Investigation of cognitive-behavioral play therapy effectiveness on cognitive functions in aggressive children p. 186
Reza Rostami, Seyed Hossein Mojtahedy, Zahra Heidari, Ghazale Ranjbari, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Mehrnaz Ahmadi
DOI:10.4103/jepr.jepr_18_16  
AIMS: Several brain regions are known to be involved in aggressive behavioral including dysfunction in brain regions contributing to executive functions that lead to loss of some cognitive performance (CP). Play therapy (PT) as an effective treatment is used for a long time and it has a therapeutic effect on cognitive functions. Creativity, learning coping technique, social problem-solving ability, and self-controlling are some of main outcomes of this treatment. This study investigated the effect of cognitive-behavioral PT (CBPT) on working memory (WM), response inhibition (RI), and CP of aggressive children. METHODS: In a pre–post-design, 18 children with aggressive behavioral were randomized into two groups: experimental and control. Interventions were provided 12 sessions and progressed up to 1 h per session. Executive Function and Stop Signal Task of Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery tests were used in pre- and post-assessment. RESULTS: Findings demonstrated that the treatment improved in RI and CP of aggressive children in experimental group significantly (P < 0.05), but this change is not apparent in WM (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: CBPT could be an effective intervention for children with aggression to improve their CP. However, despite this effectiveness, choosing the appropriate exercises to engage more cognitive functions is an important factor for optimizing of this treatment.
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The relationship between organizational climate, job commitment, and the mediating role of job consciousness p. 192
Saeed Vaziri Yazdi, Mohammad Hosein Fallah Yakhdani
DOI:10.4103/2395-2296.219424  
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between organizational climate and job commitment with regard to the role of job consciousness in the employees of Islamic Azad University of Yazd. METHODS: In this study, the descriptive-correlation method is used, because the main objective was to investigate the relationship between several variables. By the calculation of Cochran, 195 subjects were randomly, and with attention given to the proportions of the population selected for stratified sampling. To collect data for organizational climate Halpin and Croft questionnaire was used, and for the variable of organizational commitment Allen and Meyer questionnaire, and to determine the variable of job consciousness a questionnaire designed by Iraj Soltani was used. RESULTS: The results of the research hypothesis, achieved through stepwise regression and path analysis showed that in the relationship between organizational climate and job commitment, job consciousness has a mediating role. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between the variables of organizational climate and job consciousness with job commitment (P < 0/01). CONCLUSIONS: The climate of the population for this study had more predictive power than the job consciousness of its employees in connection with employee engagement. The correlation between organizational climate and job commitment in people who have a higher job consciousness is stronger. This is while the importance of structural factors organizational climate can be an effective agent job such as debatable and also overcome the job conscience.
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Relationship between stress and religious coping and mental health in mothers with normal and intellectually disabled children p. 198
Farzaneh Motamedi Sharak, Bagher Ghobari Bonab, Mina Jahed
DOI:10.4103/2395-2296.219422  
AIM: The purpose of present study was to investigate the relationship between stress, religious coping with mental health of mothers who have normal and intellectually disabled children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: To fulfill the above purpose, 383 individuals (190 mothers who had intellectually disabled children and 193 mothers who had normal children) were chosen via convenience sampling. To collect data, Religious Coping Scale (Pargament, 2000), General Health Questionnaire, (Goldberg and Hillier, 1979), and Questionnaire on Resources and Stress (GreenBerg and Crick, 1983) were utilized; the data were analyzed through regression coefficient. RESULTS: Analysis of the data showed that while the stress of intellectually disabled children's mothers was significantly and inversely related to social function, the stress of normal children's mothers was significantly and directly related to other factors of mental health (depression, anxiety, and social function). In both groups, there was a significant and direct relationship between positive religious coping and social function and also between negative religious coping and physical function, anxiety, and depression. While there was a significant and direct relationship between the stress of intellectually disabled children's mothers and negative religious coping methods, there was no relationship between the stress and religious coping methods of normal children's mothers. Stress, physical function, anxiety, and depression of intellectually disabled children's mothers were significantly more than normal children's mothers. In addition, the comparison of the two groups showed that there is more positive religious coping among mothers with normal children. CONCLUSION: The intervention in religious beliefs and reduction of stress among intellectually disabled children's mothers is something necessary and important. Hence, the present study suggests that it is necessary to persuade intellectually disabled children's mothers into religious beliefs and reliance on God in order to reduce their mental pressure and enhance their mental health.
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Effectiveness of group-based acceptance and commitment therapy on the difficulty emotional regulation and distress tolerance patients with essential hypertension p. 205
Mahboobeh Boostani, Zahra Ezadikhah, Masoomeh Sadeghi
DOI:10.4103/2395-2296.204118  
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on two factors difficult emotion regulation and distress tolerance in women with essential hypertension. METHODS: Research was semi-experimental while the statistic society of this research was women with hypertension in Isfahan. Forty patients were selected and randomly placed into control and experimental groups. Questionnaires used were difficulty in emotion regulation, distress tolerance scale. The intervention group received 8 sessions of 2 h acceptance and commitment group-based therapy. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis of covariance indicated that the intervention group after receiving the intervention, showed a significant decrease in terms of emotion regulation difficulties compared to the control group (P ≤ 0.04). Furthermore, regarding distress tolerance scores improved significantly in the intervention group (P ≤ 0.00). CONCLUSION: The results indicated that ACT is an effective method to improve difficult emotion regulation and distress tolerance in patients with essential hypertension.
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